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50 years ago today - 18 Sep 1950
Between 2 AM and dawn the 5th Marines repulsed several company sized
counterattacks on the airfield, inflicting heavy casualties on the
attackers. The entire airfield was secured by 8 AM and elements of the
5th Marines advanced toward Hill 99 on the south bank of the Han River,
which they captured. That afternoon a lone Marine Corsair landed on Kimpo
airfield followed a few hours later by elements of the 33rd Marine
airgroup. Meanwhile, during the evening, ROK Marines moved up to take
positions alongside the 5th Marines.
At dawn the 1st Marines passed through and around the burning town of Sosa,
seizing Hill 123, a mile east and north, by noon. That afternoon the 1st
Marines began receiving heavy artillery fire from the Southeast, inflicting
heavy casualties. Despite the losses, the 1st Marines continued their
advance toward Yongdongp’o.
Meanwhile, the 32nd Infantry Regiment, 7th Infantry Division, landed at
Inchon. As soon as the regiment landed it began moving toward 1st Marines
positions on the Seoul highway.
Within the Pusan Perimeter, patrols from the 2nd and 3rd Battalions, 38th
Infantry, 2nd Division, crossed the Naktong near Pugong-ni, due west of
Changnyong, finding the high ground on the west side of the river clear of
enemy troops. As soon as the 38th Infantry Regiment received this word is
moved its 2nd Battalion across the river. By evening the 2nd battalion
occupied Hill 308, a mile west of the Naktong. Meanwhile, the 5th RCT
started its attack against Hill 268, a mile southeast of Waegwan, securing
this high ground by late afternoon with the exception of the Hill’s
As the 5th RCT advanced, the 5th and 7th Cavalry Regiments fought bloody
battles against enemy positions to the north and east of Waegwan on Hills
174, 188, 253 & 903 (Ka-San) while the 8th Cavalry Regiment tried to
advance up the Tabu-dong road. All attempts were stopped cold in all 1st
Cavalry sectors with heavy casualties on the American side. However, to
the east of the 1st Cavalry Division the 1st ROK Division found a gap in
North Korean lines, pressed their advance and ended up astride the
Tabu-dong–Kunwi road 10 miles northeast of Tabu-dong.
In the Masan area the 27th Infantry tank-infantry battalion-tank task force
again attacked Battle Mountain, again without success.
At Changsa-dong on the east coast, survivors from the Miryang Guerrilla
Battalion were pulled off the beach by U.S. Navy landing craft and the
beached LST destroyed by explosives.
Ed Evanhoe, PO Box 916, Antlers, OK, 74523
Author: DARKMOON: Eighth Army Special Operations in the Korean War
Member: American Society of Journalists and Authors (ASJA)
Life Member: Special Forces & Special Operations Associations
Web site: http://www.korean-war.com